Birding All of Chile: The most complete tour!
This 19-day program of birding adventures seeks to see all the main species of Chile, covering all habitats from north to south of one of the world’s most beautiful countries. Mountain landscapes come in many flavors, from high altitude plateaus to snow-capped volcanoes with forested foothills, and from massive high Andean valleys to Patagonian massifs with hanging glaciers. Chile has them all. Away from the mountains, the rich Pacific Ocean, the driest desert in the world and rich coastal wetlands, will also be part of our itinerary. Birds are as varied as are the sceneries; from the impressive Andean Condor to the sought-after Diademed Sandpiper-Plover. Our pelagic trips are brimming with Albatrosses, our temperate forest is home to the southernmost parrots, endangered hummingbird species hold on in the desert, and many Chilean and Southern Cone endemics are to be seen. This tour covers them all.
Birding All of Chile is a comprehensive journey through the country and offers the most complete bird list. We’ll stay in comfortable accommodation in picturesque locations, topped off by tasty food and award-winning wines. We are locals, passionate about our country’s natural history and eager to share it.
5th Feb – 23rd Feb 2021
25th Oct – 12th Nov 2021
24th Oct – 11th Nov 2022
Private trips can be organized upon request
For more details of pricing and the itinerary please use the Contact Form
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Vacation Style Holiday Type
Activity Level Birding
Day 1 – 5th Feb: Arrival in Santiago
Day 2 – 6th Feb: Birding the Arica Valleys
Day 3 – 7th Feb: Pelagic trip and birding on the way to Putre
Day 4 – 8th Feb: Full day in Lauca National Park
Day 5 – 9th Feb: Birding in Putre and return to Arica
Day 6 – 10th Feb: Birding around Arica and flight to Santiago
Day 7 – 11th Feb: Birding Farellones and Valle Nevado
Day 8 – 12th Feb: Full day on the Pacific Coast
Day 9 – 13th Feb: Pelagic trip off Valparaiso and coastal birding
Day 10 – 14th Feb: The Yeso Valley and High Andes
Day 11 – 15th Feb: Colbún Lake and Vilches
Day 12 – 16th Feb: Altos de Lircay National Reserve
Day 13 – 17th Feb: Cerro Ñielol and Temuco
Day 14 – 18th Feb: Araucaria forest
Day 15 – 19th Feb: Birding around Punta Arenas
Day 16 – 20th Feb: Tierra del Fuego and King Penguin colony
Day 17 – 21st Feb: Birding the Steppe and drive to Puerto Natales
Day 18 – 22nd Feb: Torres del Paine and Sierra Baguales
Day 19 – 23rd Feb: Punta Arenas Airport
- The most exhaustive itinerary and complete Chilean bird list
- A comprehensive journey through the world class landscapes Chile has to offer
- Some of the remarkable species we’ll see: Chilean Woodstar, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, Inca Tern, Andean Condor, Magellanic Woodpecker, Magellanic Plover, King Penguin, and many endemic Tapaculos.
- Relaxed to moderate pace. Days at higher elevation can be a bit more tiring, but good hydration and early nights will help everyone feel fit.
Ease of Birding
- Most species are easy to see. Most endemic species and Chilean specialties are quite reliable. Some understory and forest species can be skulkers, but playback usually lures them out. Other species like Tinamous and Seedsnipes are low density, so some effort may be required to see them.
- 18 nights of accommodation
- Transport: 15-seater, with a qualified driver. We use a daily rotation system so people have a window seat most days.
- Internal flights
- English speaking guide with birding equipment
- Snacks (fruit, nuts, cereal bars, water)
- All meals
- Park entrance fees
- eBird checklists for the day’s stops
- This tour runs from 6 to 10 participants with one tour leader. Over more than 10 participants would be consider an additional tour guide.
- Pre-Tour Robinson Crusoe Island
- Pre-Tour Birding in Atacama Desert
- Pre-Tour Easter Island
DAY 1 - 5th Feb: ARRIVAL IN SANTIAGO
Most international flights to Santiago are overnight. As they arrive in the early morning, participants will be able to spend a relaxing first day at a hotel close to the airport. During the afternoon their guide will meet them at the hotel in order to explain, discuss and answer last questions regarding the itinerary or any necessary detail before beginning the trip.
Day 2 - 6th Feb: BIRDING THE ARICA VALLEYS
Early in the morning we will fly from Santiago to the city of Arica, very close to the Peruvian border. This first portion of the far North of Chile is known as the “Big North”, containing the vast Atacama Desert and the high altitude Andean steppe, or Altiplano.
Although located in the driest desert on earth, our birding will start here in Arica’s surroundings. Good birding is only possible here because of rivers and small water courses fed by the runoff from the High Andes, creating fertile valleys and well-cultivated flood plains that form rich oasis in this harsh environment.
Our most important target species in this area will be the hummingbirds: Oasis Hummingbird, Peruvian Sheartail and the endemic, but critically endangered, Chilean Woodstar (world population estimated at 350 individuals). To look for this little stunner of an endemic we will drive south to the Camarones Valley where the largest remaining population of the Chilean Woodstar occurs.
In this same valley participants will be able to see other highlight species like Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant, Tamarugo Conebill and the newly-described-for-Chile Raimondi’s Yellow-Finch.
After lunch, we will return to Arica and bird along the coastline at the estuary of one of the most important rivers in the region, the Lluta River. The main target species here will be shorebirds: Killdeer, Snowy Plover, American and Blackish Oystercatchers, Surfbird, Willet and a good selection of Gulls and Terns.
Day 3 - 7th Feb: PELAGIC TRIP AND BIRDING ON THE WAY TO PUTRE
This day’s schedule starts with an enjoyable 6-hour pelagic trip. Sailing into the Humboldt Current will allow visitors to spot many sub-Antarctic species of seabirds and warm water Petrels.
During our navigation it is possible to see Salvin’s, Buller’s and Black-Browed Albatross, Northern Giant-Petrel, White-Chinned and Westland Petrel, Sooty Shearwater, Elliott´s Storm-Petrel, Markham’s Storm-Petrel, Peruvian Diving Petrel, Humboldt Penguin, Chilean Skua and Swallow-tailed Gull. More coastal species may include Red-Legged and Guanay Cormorants, the splendid Inca Tern, Peruvian Boobies and Peruvian Pelican.
A tasty lunch at a restaurant on the beach will be waiting for the group after the pelagic trip. Later, with birding stops along the way, the plan considers heading to the farmland areas outside Arica and then to the town of Putre. On route we will be searching for some specialties like the Peruvian Thick-knee, West Peruvian Dove, Croaking Ground-Dove, Groove-billed Ani, Burrowing Owl, Andean Swift, Peruvian Elaenia (the northern form of White-crested Elaenia), Vermilion Flycatcher, the local race of Bran-Coloured Flycatcher (a strong candidate for a future split), Cinereous Conebill, Chestnut-throated Seedeater, Blue-Black Grassquit, Slender-billed Finch and Peruvian Meadowlark and much more.
During the afternoon, after an intensive birding day, we will arrive in the beautiful town of Putre, 3.500 m.a.s.l. (11.483 ft). Putre will be the gateway for next day’s adventures in higher elevation Andean ecosystems.
Day 4 - 8th Feb: FULL DAY IN LAUCA NATIONAL PARK
In the heart of the Altiplano of the ‘Big North’ and about 50 kilometers away from Putre we’ll reach the Lauca National Park, a place of outstanding natural beauty. It was declared part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) in 1981. The massive snow-capped volcanoes, Pomerape and Parinacota, soar to over 6.300 m a.s.l. (11.811 ft) and are a perfect backdrop reflecting in the deep blue water of Chungara and Cotacotani Lakes, both, important attractions of the park. The highlight of this excursion is the dazzling Chungara Lake, the highest altitude lake in the world.
Some of the high altitude specialist birds present in this habitat are: Andean Grebe (the local form of Silvery Grebe), Puna Teal, Giant Coot, Andean Gulls, along with many more broadly distributed species of ducks. While driving up to the lakes we will search in the high altitude bogs for the stunning and difficult-to-find Diademed Sandpiper-Plover. Other target birds for this area are: Puna Rhea, Andean Flicker, White-winged Cinclodes, Black Siskin, Puna Tinamou, Puna Ibis, Andean Goose, Mountain Caracara, Andean Lapwing, Puna Plover, Andean Avocet, Puna Miner, Puna and White-fronted Ground-Tyrants, Andean Negrito, White-winged Diuca-Finch and White-throated Sierra-Finch.
The lakes in the park are also the home to large groups of Flamingos, and with some luck we will be able to spot all three species: Chilean, Andean and Puna (James’s). After a day of soaking in the wide-open vistas and fascinating high-altitude birds we’ll return our lodge in Putre.
Day 5 - 9th Feb: BIRDING IN PUTRE AND RETURN TO ARICA
We’ll spend the morning around the small Andean village looking for Bare-faced Ground-Dove, White-throated Earthcreeper, Yellow-billed Tit Tyrant, Canyon and Dark-winged Canastero, Blue-and-Yellow Tanager, Cream-winged and White-winged Cinclodes, Streaked Tit-Spinetail, D’Orbigny’s and White-Browed Chat-Tyrants, Chiguanco Thrush, Black-throated Flower-Piercer, Golden-billed Saltator, Black-hooded and Ash-breasted Sierra-Finches, Greenish Yellow-Finch, Band-tailed Seedeater, and Spot-winged Pigeon. Along the alfalfa field on the outskirts of the village we’ll also look for the secretive, but vocal, Ornate Tinamou. Around midday we’ll drive slowly down the windy mountain road back to Arica looking for any birds we may have missed on the way up to Putre. Night in Arica.
Day 6 - 10th Feb: BIRDING AROUND ARICA AND FLIGHT TO SANTIAGO
This morning we’ll have one more chance to look for anything we’ve missed around Arica, visiting the Lluta Estuary or a hummingbird sanctuary. We’ll board a midday flight back to Santiago. Night in Santiago.
Day 7 - 11th Feb: BIRDING FARELLONES AND VALLE NEVADO
Central Chile is classified as one of the four Mediterranean Ecoregions of the world , characterized by rainy and cold winters and very hot and dry summers. The isolation imposed by the high Andes mountains to the east, the Atacama Desert to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west have produced high endemism rates in both flora and fauna, deserving of a place on the list of 25 Global Biodiversity Hotspots.
On our first full day in the Santiago area we will be exploring the Mediterranean scrub of the foothills and alpine areas of the Andes Mountains, doing various stops at different altitudes. We’ll be looking for high altitude specialists like Greater Yellow finch, Creamy-rumped Miner and White-sided Hillstar among other special Andean birds. At our picnic spot, we usually have Andean Condor soaring above, and Rufous-banded Miner, Gray-hooded Sierra-Finch and Greater Yellow-finch at close distances looking for some leftover crumbs from our lunch. We’ll also be on the lookout for Variable Hawk, Black-chested Buzzard Eagle and Mountain Caracara.
In the foothills we’ll be looking for 6 endemics: Chilean Tinamou, Moustached Turca, White-throated and Dusky Tapaculos, Crag Chilia and Dusky-tailed Canastero.
Today will be a great introduction to the birds of Central Chile, from common widespread species to local specialties. Climbing to higher elevations that are easily accessible from Santiago also offers stunning mountain landscapes. In the afternoon return to hotel, night in Santiago.
Day 8 - 12th Feb: FULL DAY ON THE COAST
Leaving early from Santiago we will head towards the coastal city of San Antonio. Just south of the city we will visit a recently created reserve on the Maipo river estuary. This reserve protects one of the most important wetlands in central Chile, where we’ll be able to enjoy large groups of shorebirds, gulls, Black Skimmers, terns, pelicans.
The reedbeds at the reserve entrance are a great place to see the stunning, but skulking, Many-colored Rush-Tyrant and Wren-like Rushbird, as well as Yellow-winged Blackbird and Sedge Wren.
After scanning the masses of migrant shorebirds on the mudflats in search of potential rarities we will pay some more attention to the passerines and look for the rare Ticking Doradito (a recent split from the Warbling Doradito), Spectacled Tyrant, Correndera Pipit and the Chilean endemics Dusky Tapaculo and Dusky-tailed Canastero.
Driving north along the coast we will have lunch at a seaside restaurant on the rocky shoreline. This location is also a great spot to find another Chilean endemic, the Chilean Seaside Cinclodes.
In the afternoon we will visit more protected wetlands, looking for Spot-flanked Gallinule, three coot species, Black-necked and Coscoroba Swan, Plumbeous Rail, Black-headed Duck and maybe even the secretive Stripe-backed Bittern.
We will also stop near a Peruvian Pelican colony where a few Humboldt Penguins are also breeding. Night in Valparaiso.
Day 9 - 13th Feb: PELAGIC TRIP OFF VALPARAISO AND COASTAL BIRDING
We’ll leave the port just before sunrise and navigate around 20 km (12 miles) out towards the Humboldt Current; the round trip usually lasts roughly 6 hours. Chile has more than 4,000 kilometers of coastline and is considered as one of the best places in the world to do pelagic trips. This huge rise of nutrients brought by the current notably favors the observation of marine fauna. Exceptional trips have produced roughly 60(!) species of seabirds. With over half a dozen species of albatrosses, and multiple species of petrels, shearwaters, terns, diving-petrels, cormorants, gulls and terns.
Albatrosses are definitely the star of the show. Likely species include Salvin’s, Black-browed, Northern and Southern Royal, and Buller’s and Chatham are seen more infrequently. Other noteworthy tubenoses we can see are Masatierra, Juan Fernandez, White-chinned and Westland Petrels, Peruvian Diving-Petrel, Northern Giant Petrels, and Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (local subspecies is Fuegian). To round off the seabird lists we can also find Red Phalaropes, Guanay and Red-legged Cormorants, Kelp Gull and South American Tern.
After our pelagic trip and a delicious lunch, we will continue birdwatching along the coast. This time north of Valparaiso to look for the scarce and elusive Stripe-backed Bittern and any other species we might have missed the day before. Return to Santiago. Night in Santiago.
Day 10 - 14th Feb: THE YESO VALLEY AND THE HIGH ANDES
The Yeso Valley is well known for being one of the most accessible places to see the sought-after Diademed Sandpiper-Plover. This beautiful and enigmatic mountain shorebird breeds in the high elevation bogs of the valley and will be our main target for the day. Members of Albatross Birding are proud to have led a research project on the species for many years, and thus are very knowledgeable of their habits and have a great track record for finding it.
In addition to the Sandpiper-Plover there are many other interesting species we will be stopping to look for on our way to higher elevations. Among them are the endemics Crag Chilia and Moustached Turca; Torrent Ducks in fast-moving rivers, and many Andean specialties like White-sided Hillstar, Andean Goose, Scale-throated Earthcreeper, Black-fronted and White-browed Ground-Tyrants, Greater Yellow-finch, Yellow-rumped Siskin, Andean Condors and Mountain Caracara. Reaching higher elevations we will also be able to see some more rare and localized species like Creamy-rumped Miner and Grey-breasted Seedsnipe.
The scenery here is simply superb and some of the most spectacular in Central Chile. High mountains, turquoise lakes, hanging glaciers and white-water rivers combine to make a magnificent spectacle. We’ll return to Santiago during the afternoon. Night in Santiago.
Day 11 - 15th Feb: COLBÚN LAKE AND VILCHES
Today we’ll start driving south on our way to Talca and on towards Colbún Lake. Still in drier Mediterranean habitat our main targets will be the spectacularly colorful and very noisy Burrowing Parakeet, and the beautiful Spectacled Duck. Upon arriving at the lake we will scan for a number of other interesting ducks and grebe species and a chance to see Spectacled Tyrant and Andean Gull. We’ll then make a short trip north of the lake and spend the rest of the afternoon and the next day in the magnificent Altos de Lircay National Reserve. At dusk we’ll look for the elusive Rufous-Legged Owl and spend the night in a quiet and comfortable forest lodge in Vilches, just outside the reserve.
Day 12 - 16th Feb: ALTOS DE LIRCAY NATIONAL RESERVE
Located at the southern limit of the Mediterranean Region, this park is in the ecotone (transition area between two biomes) between the Temperate Rainforest and the Mediterranean Ecoregion. Here we’ll see a mix of the bird communities characteristic of the more scrubby and dry Mediterranean habitat and the lush temperate Nothofagus forests. In Altos de Lircay, we’ll encounter our first forest specialists. While walking along forest trails participants will be amazed by the spectacular mature Nothofagus trees, as well as ferns, mosses and forest bird species that are unique to the southern cone of South America. Additionally, in this area we’ll also find interesting geological rarities.
We’ll spend a full day in Altos de Lircay exploring the extensive forest. We’ll be carefully listening for the nasal scolding of Chile’s least known Tapaculo, the Chestnut-throated Huet-Huet. We’ll also be looking for more Nothofagus forest’s specialties such as Austral Parakeet (the world’s most southerly distributed parrot species), Chucao Tapaculo with its explosive voice, Magellanic Tapaculo and the colorful Patagonian Sierra-Finch. This will be our first opportunity for seeing the truly spectacular Magellanic Woodpecker, and there is a chance to spot the rare and difficult-to-find Chilean and White-Throated Hawks. In the afternoon we’ll return to our accommodation at Hostería de Vilches.
Day 13 - 17th Feb: CERRO ÑIELOL AND TEMUCO
After breakfast at our hostería we’ll head south towards Temuco, the capital city of the Araucanía Region. On our way we’ll stop by some meadowy agricultural areas to look for Screaming Cowbird, Hellmayr’s Pipit and Chilean Tinamou. By the time we reach Temuco the Mediterranean habitat will have been left behind completely and been replaced by lush Temperate Rain Forest.
Once in Temuco participants will visit the Cerro Ñielol Natural Monument, where we can find dense rainforest understory species, such as Black-throated Huet-Huet, Des Mur’s Wiretail, Chucao Tapaculo, Ochre–Flanked Tapaculo, and the near endemic Slender-billed Parakeet. The forests in the area are also a good spot to spot the uncommon Rufous-Tailed Hawk. Night in Temuco.
Day 14 - 18th Feb: ARAUCARIA FOREST
In the morning we will head to higher altitude mixed Nothofagus and Araucaria (Monkey Puzzle Trees) forests surrounded by stunning mountainous landscapes. Here we will look for the newly split Patagonian Forest Earthcreeper, Magellanic Tapaculo, Austral Parakeet, Striped Woodpecker, Chilean Flicker, White-throated Treerunner and other forest species. Today will be equals parts enjoyment of fantastic forest birds as of the magical forests. The silhouettes of Araucarias on the hillside and the snow-capped volcanoes on the horizon give a feeling of being in the midst of a truly prehistoric forest. After a full day of birding we will drive to Temuco’s airport for the short evening flight back to Santiago.
Day 15 - 19th Feb: BIRDING AROUND PUNTA ARENAS
This morning we’ll have an early flight to the city of Punta Arenas in the very far south of Chile, on the Straits of Magellan. We’ll have a nice lunch in Punta Arenas and then head south birding along the coast, looking for Flying and Flightless Steamer-Ducks, Magellanic Oystercatcher, Imperial Cormorant, Upland Goose, Chilean Skua and the splendid Dolphin Gull. The tiny Austral Negrito is sure to be found as well. In the afternoon, we’ll drive to the Estancia San Juan, where the endangered Ruddy-headed Goose breeds. Along the coast we’ll also be looking for Kelp Goose, to complete the five Chilean geese collection, and head back towards Punta Arenas.
Day 16 - 20th Feb: TIERRA DEL FUEGO AND KING PENGUIN COLONY
We’ll take the early morning ferry crossing (2 hrs) to Porvenir, which is the main town in the Chilean side of the mythical island at the end of the world, Tierra del Fuego. We should see scores of Southern Giant-Petrel, Magellanic Diving-Petrel, Chilean Skua, Black-browed Albatross and Peale’s Dolphins. We’ll spend the morning birding around Laguna Verde and Laguna Santa Maria. The bird species we‘ll be looking for in the next couple of days will be Ashy-Headed and Upland Goose, Two-banded Plover, Magellanic Plover, Chilean Skua, Short-billed Miner, Tawny-throated Dotterel, Flightless Steamer-Duck, and Crested Duck.
After lunch we’ll drive to Bahia Inútil to visit a colony of magnificent King Penguins. This colony is the most northerly colony of this species, and the only one outside Antarctic waters. On our way to our accommodation in Cerro Sombrero we’ll be looking for Rufous-chested Dotterel, Chocolate-vented Tyrant and Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant that breed in the Patagonian steppe. Night in Cerro Sombrero.
Day 17 - 21st Feb: BIRDING THE STEPPES AND DRIVE TO PUERTO NATALES
After breakfast we’ll continue birding the Patagonian Steppe on our way to the northern tip of Tierra del Fuego and hop on a short ferry back to the continental mainland. This is a shorter ferry crossing (20 min) with good chances of seeing Commerson’s Dolphin, Magellanic Diving-Petrel, Wilson’s Storm-Petrel and White-chinned Petrel. Back on the mainland we will make a stop at a wetland in the steppe, Buque Quemado. A good spot for seeing a variety of waterfowl, including Silver Teal, Rosy-billed Pochard, Chiloe Wigeon, White-cheeked Pintail, Coscoroba Swan, and variety of shorebirds. In this area we’ll also try our luck and finding the elusive Patagonian Tinamou.
We’ll continue our trip towards Puerto Natales making our way across the vast steppe looking for Darwin’s Rhea, Austral Canastero, Chocolate-vented Tyrant, Band-tailed Earthcreeper, Common Miner, Patagonian Yellow-Finch and the stunning White-bridled Finch. We’ll spend the night in Puerto Natales.
Day 18 - 22nd Feb: TORRES DEL PAINE AND SIERRA BAGUALES
This morning we’ll be heading north towards the most anticipated location of the trip, the incomparable and breathtaking Torres del Paine National Park. Of the entire trip, this will most likely be the most unforgettable scenic highlight. While the park is most famous for its astonishing scenery, it’s also rich in birds and mammals. Throughout the day Guanaco, Patagonian Hog Nosed Skunk and Gray Fox are among the mammals we are likely to encounter during our stay in this area. We’ll be birding in the eastern side of the park and its lakes looking for waterfowl, and on reed-fringed pools looking for the re-discovered Austral Rail. In the scrubby steppe we’ll be looking for Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant, Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant, and Patagonian Mockingbird. Cinereous Harriers are also fairly common. This is the best spot in Chile for Puma spotting, however, daytime sightings are rare.
After an early lunch we’ll leave the Park and drive to the scenic mountainous valley of Sierra Baguales. Here we’ll be looking for Band-tailed Earthcreeper, Patagonian Mockingbird, and the gorgeous Yellow-bridled Finch. On our drive up the valley the rocky cliffs surrounding us are a great place to watch Andean Condors soaring above us. The valleys in this area are also a breeding area for White-throated Caracara and the very rare Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant. Night in Puerto Natales.
Day 19 - 23rd Feb: PUNTA ARENAS AIRPORT
Sadly this is the last day of our trip. After a relaxed breakfast we’ll make our way back to the airport in Punta Arenas where we’ll take our flight back to Santiago and connecting international flights.